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raylcdf.m

## Copyright (C) 2006, 2007  Arno Onken
##
## This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
## it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
## the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
## (at your option) any later version.
##
## This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
## but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
## MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
## GNU General Public License for more details.
##
## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
## along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

## -*- texinfo -*-
## @deftypefn {Function File} {@var{p} =} raylcdf (@var{x}, @var{sigma})
## Compute the cumulative distribution function of the Rayleigh
## distribution.
##
## @subheading Arguments
##
## @itemize @bullet
## @item
## @var{x} is the support. The elements of @var{x} must be non-negative.
##
## @item
## @var{sigma} is the parameter of the Rayleigh distribution. The elements
## of @var{sigma} must be positive.
## @end itemize
## @var{x} and @var{sigma} must be of common size or one of them must be
## scalar.
##
## @subheading Return values
##
## @itemize @bullet
## @item
## @var{p} is the cumulative distribution of the Rayleigh distribution at
## each element of @var{x} and corresponding parameter @var{sigma}.
## @end itemize
##
## @subheading Examples
##
## @example
## @group
## x = 0:0.5:2.5;
## sigma = 1:6;
## p = raylcdf (x, sigma)
## @end group
##
## @group
## p = raylcdf (x, 0.5)
## @end group
## @end example
##
## @subheading References
##
## @enumerate
## @item
## Wendy L. Martinez and Angel R. Martinez. @cite{Computational Statistics
## Handbook with MATLAB}. Appendix E, pages 547-557, Chapman & Hall/CRC,
## 2001.
##
## @item
## Athanasios Papoulis. @cite{Probability, Random Variables, and Stochastic
## Processes}. pages 104 and 148, McGraw-Hill, New York, second edition,
## 1984.
## @end enumerate
## @end deftypefn

## Author: Arno Onken <asnelt@asnelt.org>
## Description: CDF of the Rayleigh distribution

function p = raylcdf (x, sigma)

  # Check arguments
  if (nargin != 2)
    print_usage ();
  endif

  if (! isempty (x) && ! ismatrix (x))
    error ("raylcdf: x must be a numeric matrix");
  endif
  if (! isempty (sigma) && ! ismatrix (sigma))
    error ("raylcdf: sigma must be a numeric matrix");
  endif

  if (! isscalar (x) || ! isscalar (sigma))
    [retval, x, sigma] = common_size (x, sigma);
    if (retval > 0)
      error ("raylcdf: x and sigma must be of common size or scalar");
    endif
  endif

  # Calculate cdf
  p = 1 - exp ((-x .^ 2) ./ (2 * sigma .^ 2));

  # Continue argument check
  k = find (! (x >= 0) | ! (x < Inf) | ! (sigma > 0));
  if (any (k))
    p(k) = NaN;
  endif

endfunction

%!test
%! x = 0:0.5:2.5;
%! sigma = 1:6;
%! p = raylcdf (x, sigma);
%! expected_p = ;
%! assert (p, expected_p, 0.001);

%!test
%! x = 0:0.5:2.5;
%! p = raylcdf (x, 0.5);
%! expected_p = ;
%! assert (p, expected_p, 0.001);

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